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The 3rd Baron, Gilbert was Co-Regent of Scotland, Sir Gilbert the 5th chief featured prominently in the Scottish War of Independence and was given Slains castle in Buchan and made Hereditary Lord High Constable of Scotland by Bruce. (A post which the family retains and is the highest ranking position in Scotland after the Royal family) The 7th chief married the King's daughter, while William, 9th chief was created Earl of Erroll in 1452.
At the Battle of Flodden in 1513, the 4th Earl, William was killed along with 87 other Hays. In 1594 the Royal forces under Argyll were defeated by the Earl of Huntly in alliance with the 9th Earl of Erroll. In revenge King James personally blew up Slains Castle. Sir William Hay of Delgaty, Montrose's Chief of Staff was beheaded with him in 1650.
The 13th Earl, Charles helped to organise the 1708 Jacobite attempt and was imprisoned after the Rising. His sister Mary who succeeded him as Countess of Erroll in 1717 raised her clan for Prince Charles during the '45. The Border branch of the Hays became Lords Hay of Yester in 1488 and are now represented by the 11th Marquis of Tweed-dale.