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A garrison of the Argyll Militia occupied Castle Lachlan during the '45 Rebellion. The Chief's family was forced to abandon their home and take refuge with the Stewarts of Appin.
At the Battle of Culloden, Lachlan MacLachlan led a Jacobite Regiment that consisted of 115 MacLachlans (a reasonable turnout given that the MacLachlan lands were surrounded by Campbells) and 182 MacLeans of Mull (who chose to be under his command when their Chief failed to show up) into battle alongside Clan Mackintosh and Clan Chattan. It was this front line that, having survived the Hanoverian artillery barrage, launched a fierce offensive against the government lines. (The battle cry used by the Jacobites in their charge, Life or Death has since become Clan MacLachlan's war cry.)
After managing to break through the Hanoverian defenses at the point protected by Barrell's Regiment, the Jacobites, finding themselves outnumbered, retreated toward their own lines. Few clansmen survived the battle. Lachlan MacLachlan himself was a casualty of this battle when he was struck and killed by a cannon ball. His body was later found behind Hanoverian lines.
Retributive measures imposed by the government after the defeat at Culloden caused the dead Chief's property to be confiscated for his part in the rebellion. Castle Lachlan was destroyed when the Argyll Militia vacated the structure.